plagiarism

 

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What is plagiarism.

It refers to picking an individual’s work and presenting it as your own. This includes picking information from someone’s songs, written articles, web pages or any other medium. It is therefore important that t whenever one picks information, phrases, paragraphs or any other of information from a particular source that he/she indicates the particular source from which the ideas were obtained. Plagiarism is an act of fraud which can be avoided by acknowledging the author or owner of the source of information from which information has been borrowed from. This is known as citation.

 

Causes of plagiarism

There are various causes of plagiarism which may include the following;

Ignorance where learners may not know how to paraphrase properly or may take it to be easier or normal to pick someone’s work and just copy it as it is by thinking that it is acceptable. Another cause is desperation; this can result from being too overloaded with assignments, jobs, pressure, reading for exams or not understanding what is supposed to be discussed, and others which increase anxiety in students.

 

Writing anxiety is another cause of plagiarism in which most learners and writers do not have confidence that they can make some good written articles on their own, as a result they think that copying of information from the internet and pasting the same to their work will make their work easier. Consequences is also in which if there are no stern measures taken on people who practise this illegal act, it may encourage other students to do it too in the act of self defence. To overcome this various strict measures should be laid down as away of disciplining those caught practising plagiarism. Integrity should also be emphasized by universities when training people on thesis writing.

 

List and explain 4 types of plagiarism.

Plagiarism can be of many types which may include, Full plagiarism which refers to where information from a certain source is presented without making any alterations in its language, punctuation, or even in the flow of ideas. Such work is usually done by people who are incompetent in a particular area or who are lazy to the extent that they cannot take time even to paraphrase any information. Another form of it is partial plagiarism, where the writer tries to make use of some originality. It is manifested when the information presented is from a combination of two to three sources in which rephrasing or the use of synonyms is widely applied.

 

Minimalistic plagiarism is also another form. Here the writer uses another person’s ideas, opinions but in a different flow and in his own words. It usually involves a lot of paraphrasing. It may not be considered as plagiarism but as stealing someone’s ideas .Self- plagiarism is another form of it in which a writer picks a material from a particular source and prints it in a different medium without citing its source correctly.

 

 

What are the consequences of plagiarism?

Consequences of plagiarism are usually many and could range from being given a simple warning to being expelled from an institution or even becoming a court case. Plagiarism may be classified to various classes ranging from personal to societal consequences. Personal consequences may include embarrassment in which the person caught plagiarizing could be considered a con or even a thief. It is a serious offence to plagiarize since it could deprive the original writer some benefits which may include access to jobs or even various rewards given based on his work. Societal consequences of plagiarism have led to the establishment of software that can be used to identify involvement in plagiarism. This ensures production of documents that are original and which have not been copied from other authors. Another class of these consequences is the student based consequences. These may vary from being given a simple warning, mainly verbal to becoming as serious as being expelled from an institution. Cases where a student uses other students’ work or use other author’s work are considered serious case of plagiarism which can damage ones career or even one’s job. To the student, being expelled as a result of plagiarism may lead to other consequence such as lacking admission in other recognized institutions of learning.

Journalists also in their day to day activities may indulge themselves in plagiarism. This can have severe effects such as damage to their reputation or even to cases where the public lose confidence in them. Severe cases of plagiarism can also lead to imprisonment or even criminal punishments.

 

How can you avoid plagiarism? (3 points).

Plagiarism, being a serious offence should be avoided as much as possible due to its severe consequences. It is therefore important that writers, researchers and even students become aware of various ways through which it can be avoided.For example, in case a writer uses words an author’s actual words; they should be enclosed with quotation marks as a way of showing that they are not his original words. In case the writer is using ideas of a particular author, the source of the ideas or information should properly cited. Care should also be taken because expressing another person’s idea by re-writing it could also be considered as plagiarism.

 

Conclusion

Plagiarism is a serious offence and should be avoided at all costs. This can be done by always making sure that when writers make use other’s ideas they acknowledge them citing the source of the information they used.

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