plagiarism

 

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PAPER OUTLINE

Introduction

  1. A general of view of the topic plagiarism

Definition

  1. The word plagiarism is explained
  2. Compared with the term paraphrasing

Body

Causes of Plagiarism

  1. Deliberate versus un intentional plagiarism
  2. Reasons of plagiarizing
  • Types of plagiarism

Examples of plagiarism discussed

How to avoid plagiarism

Conclusion

  1. A brief parting short and the writers take.

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

Plagiarism is a crime under the copyright laws(Joss Saunders P. a., November 2007). It has been receiving less or much attention for a long time now. Nevertheless, the subject is not much understood by many and thus the crime continuous to be committed on daily basis without much action in many parts o the world.This may take various forms and may be caused by various reasons including ignorance. There are grave consequences of plagiarism under the common law and in the academic spheres and more so where money is the intent of committing the crime. Despite that, plagiarism is an avoidable crime if only one serious with what is doing. That said and done, it worth noting that not all information in a piece of work requires citation. Such information as facts and common knowledge can be used freely without constituting plagiarism e.g. carrots contain precursors of vitamin A.

What Is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the use of other people’s intellectual work without crediting the source and passing it on as your own production. Such use(s) constitute a crime since any intellectual work is protected under law. Intellectual work refers to any production be it a book,video or otherwise which is protected by copyright laws. It’s important to distinguish between paraphrasing (re-stating a sentence or a paragraph in your own words while retaining the original idea) and plagiarism. The following can be considered plagiarism: failure to use quotation marks when using another persons work, presenting other people’s work as your own, failure to avail citation or giving incorrect citation all together, changing the wording of another persons work but retaining the original idea and sentence structure without citation and copying words or idea from another that makes the bulk of your work regardless whether or not you are giving the citation.

Causes of Plagiarism

Plagiarism is caused by several factors some of which may be intentional while others are absolutely unintended. Plagiarism with intent or willful infringement of copyright laws, or willful plagiarism is a grave crime. However, plagiarism may occur without the writer’s knowledge but that does not make it less a crime. The part to that kind of plagiarism is still guilty of an offence. Causes of plagiarizing may include ignorance, need to gain good grades, failure to plan ones work properly thus running short of time and improper citation just but to mention a few. Ignorance is when one plagiarizes oblivious that he has done so or even not aware of copyright laws. It is a common thing that student find it easy to browse the web and use the vast materials in there to do their work rather than doing a rigorous research of their own. This is informed by the sole desire to boost their academic grades. Procrastination and improper time management by researcher and students especially where deadlines are involved is a sure cause of plagiarism. This compels people to work under pressure thus end up plagiarizing.

Consequences of Plagiarism

Plagiarism attracts grave consequences in academia and under the common law. In academic fields, a guilty party can be down graded, awarded a zero or even be expelled from school depending on the policies of the institution involved. This is because it violates the code of academic conducts.Socially, plagiarism hurt too ways. It keep haunting the wrong doer where one is perceive as a fraudster or a con while the other part feels swindled. In law, one can be sued which may culminate into fines, termination of contracts among other things(USA, 1976). If a writer or publisher feels aggravated they can pursuecompensation from the wrong doer(Joss Saunders P. a., November 2007).

How to Avoid Plagiarism

To avoid plagiarism you must know what it is since ignorance will not excuse a violation.Get used to using your own ideas and words as well as give credit to other people’s work to avoid copied adapted and paraphrased materials. Be ware of common knowledge since you may not need any citation for them. Use of facts is another good thin since these too do not need citation.

Conclusion

No matter what do, whether you are in research, you are artist, a software developer, an engineer or a manufacturer you afford to be ignorant. You must be ware of intellectual property and copyrights laws to be on the safe side; and more so to protect your dignity.

References

Joss Saunders, P. a. (November 2007). Plagiarism and the Law A guide to plagiarism and law. Landon, UK: Blake Lapthorn Tarlo Lyns.

Joss Saunders, P. a. (Noverber 2007). Plagiarism and Law .

Press, O. U. (n.d.). Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford Universty Press.

USA. (1976). Copyright Laws of the United States of America. Govement of USA.

 

 

 

 

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