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Domestic Violence

Thomas Elkins

Purdue University Global


Intimate Partner Violence

Domestic violence refers to aggressive behavior in a family set up which causes torture and intimidation of the family members. Most of the common types of domestic violence include physical, mental, intimate and social violence. Most often, domestic violence is caused by the member of the family who seems to have more authority in the family set up. Intimate partner violence is one of the popular forms of domestic violence, and thus this study will focus on the factors that accelerate this kind of violence. Every youth hopes that one they will be able to find their intimate partners and live happily thereafter. However, due to the prevalent cases of intimate partner’s violence, some young adults have opted to live without partners to evade violence. Nonetheless, evasion may not be the appropriate solution since it will only increase human suffering as they will suffer loneliness.

Intimate partner violence has been the leading form of domestic violence. According to a report from World Health Organization (WHO), several women have been hospitalized in various hospitals worldwide after being abused violently by their partners, and this denotes that the most affected gender by intimate partner violence is women (Abramsky et al., 2011). Though emphasis has been put on the repercussions of abusing a partner violently, these cases are still rampant and thus this study investigates the factors that prompt intimate partner violence and proposes strategies that can be adopted to help reduce this problem.

Literature review

Intimate partner violence is a common problem affecting many families well-being across the globe. The most affected gender by this form of violence is women. America alone has experienced more than half a million assault cases related to intimate violence. Most of these cases are linked with rape, physical abuse and to some extent murder. According to Cronholm & Harrison, (2011), in every four women, one have experienced intimate partner violence at one point in her life. As a result, most of the women interviewed in the study preferred to engage with non-alcoholics because most violence was associated with drunkenness. Also, Finkel, E. J., & Eckhardt, C. I. (2013) in their study about Intimate Partner Violence, they unearthed that the most affected gender by this kind of violence is women, and the most contributing factors to this violence were personality traits of aggressiveness, alcoholism, and infidelity. They thus proposed strict regulations against intimate violence to be introduced whereby those who violate by abusing their partners are punished accordingly.

Another study by Hattery, A. (2009), suggested that domestic violence is accelerated majorly by personality traits. He thus suggested that the best option to control this kind of violence is by studying the behavior of a person before engaging in a serious intimate relationship with him/her. If the individual is able to respond to new environments favorably, chances of such individuals being violent are low and hence one can engage in an intimate relationship with such a person.

Johnson, M. P. (2011), did a research on the same topic and concluded that this kind of violence is prompted by religion and culture. According to him, some cultures supports the beating of women by their husbands whenever they do them wrong. This primitive culture is therefore transferred to children who will grow up believing that it is right for women to be punished by their husbands whenever they do things inappropriately. He thus proposed the solution to this problem to be community enlightenment. However, all these previous did not discuss the major factors that stimulate intimate partner violence comprehensively and thus this study aims at solving this gap comprehensively and propose a solution that will solve Intimate Partner Violence entirely.

Problem statement

Intimate Partner Violence has been very prevalent across the globe making some educated women to prefer living without a life partner. They are making this choice not because they don’t like intimate relationships but because of the frequent intimate partner violence cases that are reported every day thus they fear to risk their life. Previous surveys have suggested various options that can be adopted to reduce this kind of violence. However, none of this has managed to come up with a long-lasting solution and thus this research deemed necessary.

Theoretical framework

The major theory relating to this study is the feminist theory. This study denotes women as the most affected gender by Intimate Partner Violence. However, there are still other theories relating to the study such as the culture of violence theory and ecological theory. Individual personality or culture contributes a lot in determining the probability of a partner being violent in the near future. Also, this type of domestic violence has a direct correlation with ecological factors because it varies with social environments.


The independent variable in this study is intimate partner violence.

The dependent variable in the study is factors that accelerate intimate partner violence.


The hypothesis is “intimate partners who are more exposed to factors that accelerate intimate partner violence are more likely to experience intimate partner violence than partners who are less exposed to factors that accelerate intimate partner violence.


Abramsky, T., Watts, C. H., Garcia-Moreno, C., Devries, K., Kiss, L., Ellsberg, M., … & Heise, L. (2011). What factors are associated with recent intimate partner violence? Findings from the WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence. BMC public health, 11(1), 109.

Cronholm, P. F., Fogarty, C. T., Ambuel, B., & Harrison, S. L. (2011). Intimate partner violence. American family physician, 83(10), 1165-1172.

Finkel, E. J., & Eckhardt, C. I. (2013). Intimate partner violence. The Oxford handbook of close relationships, 452-474.

Hattery, A. (2009). Intimate partner violence. Rowman & Littlefield.

Johnson, M. P. (2011). Gender and types of intimate partner violence: A response to an anti-feminist literature review. Aggression and Violent Behavior16(4), 289-296.

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